PEOPLE OF SOUTH SUDAN, TOPOSA TRIBE, SOUTH SUDAN TOUR

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PEOPLE OF SOUTH SUDAN: TOPOSA TRIBE –SOUTH SUDAN TOUR

The Toposa people are one of the many ethnic tribes in South Sudan that you will visit during the South Sudan tours, South Sudan group tours, camping tours in South Sudan, South Sudan safari tours, cultural tours in South Sudan, South Sudan trips, trip to South Sudan and group tours to South Sudan.  The Toposa of South Sudan lives in the greater Kapoeta region in the East of the Eastern equatorial state. The Toposa people of South Sudan are traditionally pastoralists with cattle, goats and sheep which help in the supply of milk, meat and blood for their wellbeing and this activity is mostly done by the men in the Toposa tribe while the women stay in the home and practice some small scale cultivation of crops, especially during the rainy season.

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During the wet season in the Toposa lands, the animals graze near the villages. When the rains end, the men take the herds to dry season pasturage then slowly bring them back, grazing along the way, to arrive in the village when the next rainy season starts. Some areas of good pasturage cannot be used because of a lack of drinking water.

The Toposa people of South Sudan were once also involved in the Ivory trade and they also carry out cattle raids against their neighbours.  Are you inspired by the above exciting stories, and would want to book our South Sudan tours, South Sudan camping tours, South Sudan tours, South Sudan trips or our South Sudan group tours; please let us know.

During the civil war, the Toposa people of South Sudan were so supportive of the Sudan people’s liberation army and the now the South Sudan government. Even after the end of the civil wars, the Toposa people of South Sudan still clash with their neighbours.

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The Toposa People of South Sudan Live in the greater Kapoeta, besides the Singaita and Lokalyen rivers and have a cultural ritual at Loyooro River. For seasonal grazing, the Toposa People migrate with their animals to Moruangipi and sometimes east into the llemi Triangle. Toposa People of South Sudan also live in the Southeast of Jonglei state and you will get the opportunity to meet these amazing people during the South Sudan tour, South Sudan trips, South Sudan camping tours, South Sudan group tours, South Sudan safari tours, South Sudan tours, and visit South Sudan. The main settlements of the Toposa people of South Sudan include Kapoeta, Riwoto, and Narus. The land is semi-arid and rugged, with hills and ridges separated by shallow plains and seasonal streams. Vegetation is limited to shrubs and short grass.

History has it that the Toposa people of South Sudan belong to the “Karamojong cluster", which includes the Karamojong People of Uganda, the Dongiro People and Jiye People in southeastern South Sudan and southwestern Ethiopia, and the Turkana people of Kenya. The Toposa People say that they originated in the Losolia Mountains in Uganda, moving away during a severe drought that killed both people and animals.  A mortal quarrel between the Luo and Tap (ancestors of the Toposa) people was thought to have upset the harmony of all life in northern Uganda, causing a great famine in 1587–1623. People were forced to move away for great distances, and those who remained were reduced to cannibalism.  After leaving the heartland of the original group the ancestors of the Toposa settled at Losilang for a while, then drifted north in search of grazing. At Loyoro one group, the Nyangatom or Dongiro, went east, while the Mozingo and Kor sections of the Toposa, under pressure from the Turkana, moved west and had settled in Kapoeta in South Sudan by 1830.

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During the South Sudan tours, South Sudan camping tours, South Sudan group tours and South Sudan trips, you get to learn more about the Toposa Language is a Nilotic Language and It belongs to the Turkana group, which also includes Karamojong of Uganda, Nyangatom of Ethiopia and Turkana of Kenya. The Turkana and Toposa languages are so close that they are mutually intelligible. Other names for the Toposa language are Akara, Kare, Kumi, Toposa and Topotha.

When you travel to South Sudan for the South Sudan tours, South Sudan camping tours and South Sudan group tours, you will learn more about the Toposa economy and social life which revolves around herding livestock, including cattle, camels, donkeys, goats and sheep. The Toposa also pan for gold and other precious minerals in the stream beds. Boys are first given care of goats and sheep, then graduate to looking after cattle when they come of age. They may travel considerable distances seeking water and pasturage. Possession of cattle, along with possession of a loaded gun, are the main measures of status and wealth. So don’t get surprised when you see people carrying guns when you travel to South Sudan for the South Sudan camping tours, South Sudan tours and South Sudan safaris tours.  Cattle are central to Toposa culture.  The Toposa have always competed for water and pasturage with their neighbours, and have always engaged in cattle rustling. The traditional Toposa weapon was a long throwing spear, used in raids in conjunction with a shield. The attacker would run forward zigzagging to dodge missiles, hurl his spear and then retreat, ready to ambush a pursuing enemy. During your trip to South Sudan, you will get to learn more about grazing cattle and also learn more about the Toposa people of South Sudan.

Toposa Women of South Sudan are expected to remain at home farming, cooking, raising children and caring for the elderly. This division of labour can be inefficient. When an NGO introduced ox cultivation, at first they decided it would be easier to have men undertake the ploughing, although cultivation was women's work, than to have women intrude into the men's world of animal husbandry. Later they decided that women should be allowed to plough, but councils of elders rejected the notion. However, Toposa elders have limited power and the NGO went ahead and trained some women in ox ploughing, mostly widows and orphans. The experiment ended in 1985 when rebel forces arrived in the area, a disaster the elders naturally attributed to letting women manage cattle because in their culture it was the man’s responsibility to manage cattle.

There is no clear political organization among the Toposa people of South Sudan although respect is paid to elders, chiefs and wise men. There during the trips South Sudan, South Sudan tours, South Sudan camping tours, South Sudan group tours and when you visit South Sudan, you will get to meet with the village heads and elders. Most decisions about the clan or community are made in meetings attended only by the men, traditionally held in the dark hours before dawn.  Matters of war and peace are decided by the sections councils of the elders, and the elders have sacral power over rain and drought. Captain King, a soldier of the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium who conquered the Toposa and ruled them for sixteen years, wrote: "There seems no doubt that prior to the advent of the Abyssinians even the idea of 'the Chief' was entirely unknown to the Topotha; the affairs of section and nation were regulated by the leaders of the ruling class, next but one above the warrior class... Gifted individuals such as Tuliabong or Lotukol, himself an elder, might by their force of character or prowess come to exercise unusual sway; but this was purely personal and there was no concept of it passing on his death to his son.

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The Toposa believe in a supreme being and in ancestral spirits, who may assist in overcoming problems such as drought or epidemics of disease among their herds. They believe that men originally lived with "Nakwuge" in the sky, but many slid down a rope to earth. The rope then broke, separating them from heaven. As of 2000, perhaps 5% of the Toposa population could read. The Toposa culture is orally transmitted through songs, dance, music, poems and folklore and all these you will enjoy when you travel to South Sudan for the South Sudan camping tours and South Sudan cultural tours.

Are you ready for the South Sudan tour, visit South Sudan, South Sudan camping tours, South Sudan safari tours, South Sudan travels, please get in touch with Nungi safaris for the exclusive tribes inside South Sudan and the other east African countries like Uganda and Tanzania?

 

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